Show simple record

dc.contributor.authorDescovich, Kris
dc.contributor.authorWathan, J.
dc.contributor.authorLeach, M.C.
dc.contributor.authorBuchanan-Smith, H. M.
dc.contributor.authorFlecknell, P.
dc.contributor.authorFarningham, D.
dc.contributor.authorVick, S. J.
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-28T23:06:51Z
dc.date.available2018-02-28T23:06:51Z
dc.date.issued2017-02-08
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10652/4121
dc.description.abstractAnimal welfare is a key issue for industries that use or impact upon animals. The accurate identification of welfare states is particularly relevant to the field of bioscience, where the 3Rs framework encourages refinement of experimental procedures involving animal models. The assessment and improvement of welfare states in animals depends on reliable and valid measurement tools. Behavioral measures (activity, attention, posture and vocalization) are frequently used because they are immediate and non-invasive, however no single indicator can yield a complete picture of the internal state of an animal. Facial expressions are extensively studied in humans as a measure of psychological and emotional experiences but are infrequently used in animal studies, with the exception of emerging research on pain behavior. In this review, we discuss current evidence for facial representations of underlying affective states, and how communicative or functional expressions can be useful within welfare assessments. Validated tools for measuring facial movement are outlined, and the potential of expressions as honest signals is discussed, alongside other challenges and limitations to facial expression measurement within the context of animal welfare. We conclude that facial expression determination in animals is a useful but underutilized measure that complements existing tools in the assessment of welfare.en_NZ
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherAltweb (Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT))en_NZ
dc.rightsThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is appropriately cited.en_NZ
dc.subjectanimal welfareen_NZ
dc.subjectfacial expressionsen_NZ
dc.subjectemotionsen_NZ
dc.subjectcommunicationen_NZ
dc.subjectpainen_NZ
dc.titleFacial expression : an under-utilised tool for the assessment of welfare in mammalsen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.date.updated2017-11-16T13:30:01Z
dc.identifier.doidoi:10.14573/altex.1607161en_NZ
dc.subject.marsden070207 Humane Animal Treatmenten_NZ
dc.subject.marsden060801 Animal Behaviouren_NZ
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationDescovich, K. A., Wathan, J., Leach, M.C., Buchanan-Smith, H.M., Flecknell, P., Farningham, D., & Vick, S.J. (2017). Facial expression: An under-utilised tool for the assessment of welfare in mammals. ALTEX Alternatives to Animal Experimentation, 34(3), pp.409-429. doi:10.14573/altex.1607161en_NZ
unitec.publication.spage409en_NZ
unitec.publication.lpage429en_NZ
unitec.publication.volume34en_NZ
unitec.publication.issue3en_NZ
unitec.publication.titleALTEX Alternatives to Animal Experimentationen_NZ
unitec.peerreviewedyesen_NZ
unitec.identifier.roms60432en_NZ
unitec.publication.placeBaltimore, Maryland, United Statesen_NZ


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in

Show simple record