• Exploring architectural possibilities with flocking algorithms 

      Popov, Nikolay (Domus Argenia, 2010)
      Complexity theory offers a new way of understanding spatial patterns as self-organising morphologies. This provides a promising paradigm for exploring spatial organizations as the emergent outcome of dynamic relations ...
    • Swarm planning : development of generative spatial planning tool for resilient cities 

      Roggema, Rob; Popov, Nikolay (eCAADe (Education and research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe), 2015-09)
      In dealing with unexpected impacts of climate change current spatial planning tools are irresponsive and inflexible. The outcomes of applications of these tools are very limited in number, producing static plans that if ...
    • Utilising agent based models for simulating landscape dynamics 

      Popov, Nikolay (Cumulus, 2009)
      Cities and landscapes are now understood as systems that are open, chaotic, unpredictable, irreversible, and in constant flux - i.e. complex adaptive systems. This is why designers need to develop new modes of practice ...