The effect of airtightness on indoor air quality in timber houses in New Zealand
Berry, Terri-Ann; Chiswell, Jordan H. D.; Wallis, Shannon; Birchmore, Roger
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Citation:Berry, T., Chiswell, J.H.D., Wallis, S.L., & Birchmore, R. (2017). The Effect of Airtightness on Indoor Air Quality in Timber Houses in New Zealand. (Unitec ePress Occasional and Discussion Paper Series 2017/9). Auckland, New Zealand. Unitec ePress. ISSN 2324-3635 Retrieved from http://www.unitec.ac.nz/epress
Permanent link to Research Bank record:http://hdl.handle.net/10652/4018
This two-part study considers the impact of airtightness based on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) only. Two identical buildings (test and control) were constructed in Auckland, New Zealand. The test building contained an Intello vapour check membrane to reduce air-flow and subsequent heat loss. Air change rates (air changes per hour, or ACH) were calculated from air-leakage rates in each of the buildings. For the test house, an average ACH taken from six consecutive tests was 1.88 compared with 8.27 for the control house. Data analysis demonstrated that the VOC levels in the test house were consistently higher than those established in the control house (student t-test >99.9% confidence). Average concentrations for VOCs were .23ppm (control) and 6.54ppm (test). Temperature and humidity were also significantly higher in the test house (student t-test >99.9% confidence). The use of the vapour check membrane had a significant effect on the indoor air quality of the unoccupied buildings (based on VOC concentration), possibly due to the change in air-flow from outside the buildings.VOC concentrations taken at height were considerably higher than those taken at ground level and demonstrated a greater variability, which coincided with fluctuations in temperature. This may be an important consideration for future design.
Keywords:indoor air quality, volatile organic compounds (VOC), vapour check, vapour control membranes, weathertightness, building technology, timber houses
ANZSRC Field of Research:120202 Building Science and Techniques
Copyright Holder:Unitec ePress
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