Microwave Nondestructive Testing of Wood Anisotropy and Scatter
Bogosanovic, Mirjana; Al Anbuky, A.; Emms, G. W.
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Citation:Bogosanovic, M., Al Anbuky, A., and Emms, G. (2013). Microwave Nondestructive Testing of Wood Anisotropy and Scatter. IEEE Sensors Journal, Volume 13, Issue 1, 306-313.
Permanent link to Research Bank record:http://hdl.handle.net/10652/2707
Abstract- A microwave Focused Beam transmission measurement is identified as a good candidate for fast, accurate and affordable industrial wood testing. In this paper, the transmission measurement setup, in its various forms, is applied to the measurement of wood properties, considering wood as an anisotropic, heterogeneous, multiphase dielectric. The depolarization of a linearly polarized plane wave in an anisotropic media is considered first. It is used for grain angle detection for arbitrary grain inclination in three-dimensional space. A good correlation with visually inspected grain angle values is obtained. A scattering experiment is performed, measuring the transmission through the wood when the transmitting and the receiving antenna axes are at the right angle. The results indicate that the annual ring arrangement strongly influences the scattering in the sideways direction, while other investigated parameters (defects, gradual density variation, bulk density) show poor correlation with measured scattering coefficient.